Does lemon juice kill bacteria on fish?

Chef's answer
Marinating raw fish in citrus juice or vinegar, as in ceviche, does not kill all the bacteria and parasites. ... Shellfish are potentially the most dangerous because they most readily absorb whatever toxins or bacteria are in the water.13 Apr 2000
Frequently asked Questions 🎓
Thoroughly cooking chicken, poultry products, and meat destroys germs. ... Washing raw poultry or meat can spread bacteria to other foods, utensils, and surfaces, and does not prevent illness. Thoroughly cook poultry and meat. You can kill bacteria by cooking poultry and meat to a safe internal temperature .
Altogether, MacConkey agar only grows gram-negative bacteria, and those bacteria will appear differently based on their lactose fermenting ability as well as the rate of fermentation and the presence of a capsule or not.9 Feb 2021
Curing with salt does kill many types of bacteria and kills new ones and that's why it's used in methods of preservation like gravlax.
In general, killing parasites requires freezing and storing fish at a surrounding temperature of minus 4 degrees Fahrenheit or colder for seven days
A common misconception is that the acidity in the lime juice rids the fish of bacteria. Untrue, according to parasitologists. The lime juice will not kill any type of parasites in fish
The function of hydrated lime is to kill viruses, bacteria and parasites present in the media to which it is applied. This is achieved through an increase in alkalinity and temperature and a decrease in water availability.3 May 2016
Proper cooking is the only reliable method of ensuring that ground meats are safe to eat. According to the U. S. Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service, ground beef should be cooked to an internal temperature of at least 160?F to kill bacteria.
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